## Relay Expansion Python Module

The Onion PWM Expansion Python module, relayExp is based on the C Relay Expansion Library. Using this module, you will be able to control the Relay Expansion from within your Python program.

### Programming Flow

After each power-cycle, the chip that controls the Relay Expansion must be programmed with an initialization sequence. After the initialization, the relays can be turned on and off at will.

The Relay Expansion is the only expansion that has a configurable I2C device address. This was done so that up to eight Relay Expansions can be stacked on a single Omega, giving the user the ability to control 16 relay modules independently.

The base device address is 0x20, the dip switches control the offset added to the base address:

• The ‘Off’ position for each switch is when the toggle is close to the numbers on the switch, or away from the relay modules.
• The ‘On’ position is when the toggle is away from the numbers on the switch, or closer to the relay modules.

The table below defines the relationship:

Switch 1 Switch 2 Switch 3 I2C Device Address addr Argument
Off Off Off 0x27 7
Off Off On 0x26 6
Off On Off 0x25 5
Off On On 0x24 4
On Off Off 0x23 3
On Off On 0x22 2
On On Off 0x21 1
On On On 0x20 0

The addr argument is used for library functions to specify which Relay Expansion to act on.

#### Relay Module Select

Each relay expansion has two channel which can be called using binary values.

### The Python Module

The relayExp Python Module in the OmegaExpansion package provides a wrapper around the C library functions. The functions are largely the same as their C counterparts, including the arguments and return values. Any differences from the C library will be explicitly mentioned below.

#### Source Code

The source code can be found in the Onion i2c-exp-driver GitHub Repo.

#### Installing the Module

To install the Python module, run the following commands:

opkg update
opkg install python-light pyRelayExp

This will install the module to /usr/lib/python2.7/OmegaExpansion/

This only needs to be done once.

To add the Onion Relay Expansion Module to your Python program, include the following in your code:

from OmegaExpansion import relayExp

The functions are largely the same as their C counterparts, including the arguments and return values. Any differences from the C library will be explicitly mentioned below.

#### Example Code

Example code that uses the relayExp module can be found here, in the i2c-exp-driver Onion GitHub Repo.

#### The Channels

The Relay Expansion has two channels, the image below describes how they are enumerated:

#### Return Values

All functions follow the same pattern with return values:

If the function operation is successful, the return value will be 0.

If the function operation is not successful, the function will return 1.

### Functions

Function Prototype
Initialization Function driverInit(addr)
Check for Initialization checkInit(addr)
Set Relay State setChannel(addr, channel, state)
Set State for both Relays setAllChannels(addr, state)
Read Relay State readChannel(addr, channel)

### Initialization Function - driverInit()

To perform the initialization sequence on the Relay Expansion:

relayExp.driverInit(addr)

After this step is completed, the functions to set the relay states can be used with success.

#### Arguments

The addr argument is described above in the I2C Device Address section.

#### Examples

Initialize a Relay Expansion with all switches set to 0, meaning the I2C device address will be 0x27:

status  = relayExp.driverInit(7)

Initialize with switches set to on-on-off (device address: 0x24):

status  = relayExp.driverInit(4)

### Check for Initialization - checkInit()

Performs several reads to determine if the Relay Expansion requires the initialization sequence to be programmed before the relay states can be changed:

relayExp.checkInit(addr)

The return value of the function indicates the Initialization Status:

Return Value Initialization Status
0 Not Initialized
1 Initialized

#### Arguments

The addr argument is described above in the I2C Device Address section.

#### Example

Check if a Relay Expansion (with switches set to Off-On-On) is initialized:

bInit   = relayExp.checkInit(1)

if (bInit == 0):
print 'The Relay Expansion needs to be initialized'
else:
print 'The Relay Expansion is good to go!'
}

### Set Relay State - setChannel()

Use this function to change the state of the relay:

relayExp.setChannel(addr, channel, state)

#### Arguments

The addr argument is described above in the I2C Device Address section.

The channel argument selects the relay in question. See the diagram above for info on which channel corresponds to which relay.

The state argument allows the user to select if the relay will be turned on or off: * 0 turn the relay OFF * 1 turn the relay ON

#### Example

Set channel 0 to On (all switches are On):

status  = relayExp.setChannel(0, 0, 1)

### Set State for both Relays - setAllChannels()

In the event that both relays need to be turned on or off at the same time:

relayExp.setAllChannels(addr, state)

This is performed with a single register write so both relays should react at the same time.

#### Arguments

The addr argument is described above in the I2C Device Address section.

The state argument allows the user to select if the relays will be turned on or off: * 0 turn the relays OFF * 1 turn the relays ON

#### Example

Turn both channels off (all switches are On):

status  = relayExp.setAllChannels(0, 0)

Turn both channels on (all switches are On):

status  = relayExp.setAllChannels(0, 1)

Use this function to read the state of a specific relay:

state = relayExp.readChannel(addr, channel)

#### Arguments

The addr argument is described above in the I2C Device Address section.

The channel argument selects the relay in question. See the diagram above for info on which channel corresponds to which relay.

#### Return Value

The return value indicates the state of the relay channel in question: * 0 indicating the relay is OFF * 1 indicating the relay is ON

#### Example

Read the state of channel 0 (all switches are Off):

value   = relayExp.readChannel(0, 0)
if value == 1:
print 'Relay 0 is ON!'
else:
print 'Relay 0 is OFF'